Lowell Massachusetts History

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Lowell Massachusetts History

The city of Lowell, Mass., has a history dating back to the Industrial Revolution in America, since this city was actually the first fully industrialized town in the United States.  Following the War of 1812, British goods could once again be imported into the United States, but due to the embargoes of the war, many textile mills had popped up in the area.  To protect these, a new tariff was put into place, helping the city of Lowell to develop further.

By 1847, eight textile mills were located in Lowell, thanks to the Pawtucket Canal.  With its purchase, there was the necessary water flow to move supplies and power these numerous mills that were popping up.  Following the opening of the many mills of Lowell, immigrants followed filling in the unskilled labor jobs they brought with them.

The industrial boom of the city quickly died when the American Civil War started, since unprocessed cotton fetched a higher price than finished cloth.  The final death knell of Lowell, Mass., was the invention and adoption of the steam engine, and evenutally electricity.  These two meant the mills could move to any location, and didn't necessarily need to be located near the water to get work done.  Some of the original mills still stand as historical sites, reminding people that Lowell was the first industrialized city in the United States.